2005年 02月 23日
（Vancouver Sun ２月２２日）
Simon Fraser University（SFU）がレポートをまとめたそうで、結論は次のとおり：
the immigration settlement and language system is "in crisis."
B.C. gets failing grade in services for immigrants
ESL instruction results in 'mediocre' skills, SFU study says
February 22, 2005
B.C. gets the lowest mark in the country for its immigrant language services, according to a report card on immigrant services released today by Simon Fraser University.
The province has the third-highest number of immigrant landings -- 35,240 in 2003 -- but spends less per capita than any other province on language instruction, the report says. Ontario had the highest number of immigrant landings in 2003 at 119,723, while Quebec had 39,500.
B.C. is also the only province that stops providing fully funded ESL (English as a second language) classes once students achieve rudimentary English skills.
Those shortcomings, combined with what the researchers believe to be a poor allocation of federal money, have led to a failing overall grade of 45 per cent for B.C. The highest overall scores went to Manitoba, with 65 per cent, and Newfoundland, with 58 per cent.
The report's authors say B.C.'s comparative lack of commitment to immigrant services such as ESL could lead to higher unemployment rates here than in Ontario, where more extensive language training exists. They also question whether the unequal levels of service across the country will result in immigrants moving within Canada to get access to better services.
Lesley Woodman, executive director of Surrey Delta Immigrant Services Society, said students graduating from B.C.'s highest government-funded ESL level have "mediocre" conversation skills and likely would not be able to manage in a working environment.
"If the government says they want to increase immigration, the government says they want to have people integrated into the labour market, if they want to have everyone contributing to this economy, why do they create this barrier?" Woodman said Monday in a telephone interview.
The SFU report says the immigration settlement and language system is "in crisis."
For its immigrant language services, B.C. gets a mark of 35 per cent, while Newfoundland and Manitoba both receive marks above 70 per cent.
Chris Friesen, one of the report's researchers and director of settlement services for the Immigrant Services Society of British Columbia, says immigrants in the Lower Mainland have to wait three to six months for ESL classes after they have already waited an average of nine weeks just to have their English skills assessed.
"B.C. is lagging behind the rest of the country, especially for adult ESL," he said Monday.
In smaller communities, many government-funded ESL classes have disappeared due to a new funding structure introduced by the provincial Liberals, Friesen said.
"You've got the [provincial] government, who's trying to create economic growth outside the GVRD, attract and retain immigrants outside the Lower Mainland, and on the other hand you're cutting the capacity to support immigrants to these communities," Friesen said.
Another significant contributor to B.C.'s failing grade is the way it spends federal transfer payments for immigrant language instruction.
Aside from Quebec -- which Friesen said is an anomaly in nearly every category -- B.C. is the only province that does not spend all of its federal funding on fully subsidized ESL for immigrants.
Instead, it puts about half of the money into advanced education and spends it on subsidies for ESL students in college or university, said Patrick Wong, B.C.'s minister of state for immigration and multicultural services.
Wong said he is working with staff at the ministry of advanced education to see if there's a way to "make better use of the money."
B.C. fared better on the report card in the category of "settlement and host services."
The province received a mark of 57 percent in the category, tying Alberta and Manitoba for the top spot.
Settlement services include orientation, temporary accommodation and counselling within an immigrant's first days of arrival in B.C.