バンクーバーでの仕事探し体験や教わった就活・職探しのコツ等、スキルワーカー移民のカナダ移住準備に役立つ情報を書き留めてます。


by workincanada

すごいぞケベック

かつてのアメリカの黒人差別を思わせる、ケベック州の農場で起こっていた5年前の出来事。
食堂とかが分かれてたらしい。

"Quebec farm segregated black workers"
(Globe and Mail 4月30日)

Célissa Michel arrived at work one day back in 2000, he saw a new sign posted reminding day labourers that they weren't allowed to eat in the regular cafeteria.

Rather, he and roughly 100 others had to make do with a "blacks-only" cafeteria that lacked heat, running water, proper toilets, refrigeration and many other amenities.
...
According to their testimony, the black workers were verbally and physically abused on several occasions, and were the targets of graffiti reading "here are our monkeys" and "blacks are pigs."
...
Joanne Richard, deputy clerk of the Quebec Human Rights Tribunal, said this was the worst case of outright discrimination in the tribunal's recent history. "In my memory, I've never seen anything like this. It was like in the movies about the United States. It is really, really bad."

昨日のGlobe and Mail本紙には、「黒人は食堂に立ち入らないようによろしく」とフランス語で書かれた張り紙の写真が掲載されていました。



Quebec farm segregated black workers
Ruling blasts management for discrimination against black labourers
By MARTIN PATRIQUIN
Saturday, April 30, 2005 Updated at 3:40 AM EST
From Saturday's Globe and Mail

MONTREAL — Célissa Michel arrived at work one day back in 2000, he saw a new sign posted reminding day labourers that they weren't allowed to eat in the regular cafeteria.

Rather, he and roughly 100 others had to make do with a "blacks-only" cafeteria that lacked heat, running water, proper toilets, refrigeration and many other amenities.

"I wasn't that surprised, because I already knew I wasn't allowed in there," Mr. Michel said.

"Ever since I was there [in 1998], there was a guy who told us that one cafeteria was for whites, one was for black."

But his eventual complaints, along with those of three other black workers, led to a damning decision recently by Quebec's Human Rights Tribunal against Centre Maraîcher Eugène Guinois Jr., one of Canada's largest commercial vegetable farms, located about 40 minutes southwest of Montreal.

In her 32-page report, Judge Michèle Pauzé said she was "stunned, even scandalized" by the racism, neglect and segregation that took place at the 1,300-acre farm where Mr. Michel and scores of other black workers were hired to pick and process vegetables.

The judge was so shocked by the case that she prefaced her decision with the phrase, "The events you are going to read happened here, in Quebec, during the years 2000 and 2001.''

The four workers testified to conditions on the farm that wouldn't seem out of place in the segregation era of the U.S. South.

There were two superintendents, a white man for the white workers, and a black man for everyone else.

According to their testimony, the black workers were verbally and physically abused on several occasions, and were the targets of graffiti reading "here are our monkeys" and "blacks are pigs." One witness, Ronald Champagne, said that when he tried to sit at picnic tables near the cafeteria, Denise Guinois, the owner's wife, told him the tables were "for Quebeckers only," and directed him to tables near the chemical toilets.

Black workers, who were known as "the workers from Longueuil" after the Montreal suburb where many of them lived, were bused to and from the farm as day labourers, particularly during harvest time. They earned $350 a week.

Mr. Michel, who was a staff member and not a day labourer, testified that he was once shoved out of the white cafeteria when he tried to reheat his food.

By then, Mr. Michel had realized that the sign in the day-labourer cafeteria didn't apply only to those who were bused in every day, it meant blacks in general, he said.

He stayed at the farm, he said, because he couldn't find work elsewhere. "The more I worked with whites, the more I wondered why even though I work on the same floor as them, I wasn't allowed to eat with them," he said. "It's frustrating and it hurts, but I had to stay there and just take it. The racism degenerated things so much."

Even company supervisors admitted the facilities for black workers were sub par. In her defence testimony in front of Judge Pauzé, Jocelyne Guinois, the owner's daughter, said the cafeteria didn't have a sink, soap or even running water, but had several hoses outside that the workers could use. She said the extra cafeteria was constructed specifically for day labourers, partly because "white workers complained that their food smelled bad."

One company manager, a white man who has been with the company for about 14 years, signed a deposition affirming the conditions at the cafeteria.

For Mr. Michel the last straw came on Aug. 8, 2001. He was packaging carrots that day -- "Working like a crazy man because you have to move so fast," he said -- when one of the white workers, a woman, accused him of staring at her rear end. "When I told her that I didn't get up at 3:30 in the morning to fool around like that, she told me to shut up and stuffed a handful of carrots into my mouth."

According to his tribunal testimony, nothing was done about his subsequent complaint, though Jocelyne Guinois allegedly said, "I've had enough of you, you blacks." When he threatened to quit, she allegedly said, "Okay, go ahead."

In her ruling, Judge Pauzé heaped particular scorn on the defendants' testimony that the black workers were so dirty that the cleaning staff refused to enter. "They didn't have running water, no soap and no lockers to keep their stuff. Imagine after a week of not having the toilets cleaned! This has nothing to do with the colour of skin."

Joanne Richard, deputy clerk of the Quebec Human Rights Tribunal, said this was the worst case of outright discrimination in the tribunal's recent history. "In my memory, I've never seen anything like this. It was like in the movies about the United States. It is really, really bad."

The tribunal awarded Mr. Michel $12,500 in damages. The three other complainants were awarded $10,000. The company refused to comment on the case, and referred questions to its lawyer, Mathieu Poissant, who would say only that his clients were seeking to appeal the ruling.

Mr. Michel has since found other work as a welder in an auto-parts shop in Laval. He says he likes his co-workers, and has had no problems with anyone. He still doesn't eat in the cafeteria, however.
[PR]
by workincanada | 2005-05-02 10:07 | カナダ多文化主義の側面