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by workincanada

カナダの賃金水準が20年間ほとんど変わってないとは

"Growth in workers' wages dismal since '81, TD Bank says"
(Vancouver Sun 5月5日)

TD Bankのレポートを元にした記事。



過去15年間でのカナダの経済成長は25.5%だった一方で、同じ期間で税引き後所得は3.6%しか伸びていない(インフレ調整の数字)
普通は経験を積めば賃金も上がるものだけどそれも見られず、TD Bankのネガティブなコメント:
the bank now says: "The result is an even more pessimistic picture of Canadian wage growth than past estimations."

年齢と学歴のパラメーターを固定して過去と現在を比べた場合、今の時代の方が賃金が低い。
"In fact, holding age and education constant, Canadians of both genders saw outright declines in their wages," it said. "Astonishingly, for all levels of education and for both sexes, workers earned less in 2004 than in 1981."

つまり、同じ学歴の人が同じ年齢に達したときに、20年前に期待できた賃金よりも低い額しかもらえない傾向にある、ということ(繰り返しになるけど、インフレ調整“後”の話です)

男女別に見ると違った傾向で、男性の賃金は2%以上の下落、女性は8%以上の上昇。

"Growth in workers' wages dismal since '81, TD Bank says"
Eric Beauchesne
CanWest News Service
May 5, 2005

OTTAWA -- The wage growth of Canadian workers over the past two decades has been even more dismal than suspected, the TD Bank says.

All that prevented inflation-adjusted, after-tax earnings from actually falling was that today's workforce is better educated, more experienced and includes more women, it said in an analysis Wednesday.

"Having a better-educated workforce with more experienced workers, more women, and a narrower male-female earnings gap are all achievements to be applauded," it says. "These are the only factors that prevented an outright and substantial real decline in Canadian hourly wages between 1981 and 2004."

In a report earlier this year, the bank estimated that the real after-tax incomes of workers rose by only 3.6 per cent over the last 15 years, markedly less than the 25.5 per cent growth in the economy over that time.

Further, it noted that Statistics Canada has reported that median wages in Canada have changed little over the last two decades despite the growing experience and educational attainment of the workforce.

However, if one takes into account that wages normally rise with experience and education, the bank now says: "The result is an even more pessimistic picture of Canadian wage growth than past estimations."

The real hourly wages of men did fall more than two per cent between 1981 and 2004, it says. However, those of women, who now account for a greater share of the workforce, rose by more than eight per cent over that time, although their wages remain lower than men's, it says.

Meanwhile, the average age of workers has increased over the two decades to 39 years from 34 years, it says, adding that because older workers tend to be more experienced, they tend to earn more.

As such, the aging of the workforce should have boosted wages, it says. Adjusting the changes in wages to take that into account, the bank calculates that men's real hourly wages have fallen by more than 10 per cent, while women's wages have increased by only 4.1 per cent.

"Just as changes in gender and age composition can skew the true rate of wage growth, so too can changes in education," it adds.

The proportion of adult Canadians with a university education has increased to more than 25 per cent from 16 per cent in 1981, it notes.

"This means that part of the reason personal income rose at all over the past few decades was that more people were graduating with university degrees, and as a result, getting better-paid jobs," it says.

However, the increase in workers' wages over that time was less than the increase in education would suggest it should have been, it adds.

"In fact, holding age and education constant, Canadians of both genders saw outright declines in their wages," it said. "Astonishingly, for all levels of education and for both sexes, workers earned less in 2004 than in 1981."
[PR]
by workincanada | 2005-05-06 11:07 | 移住後の家計簿を予想する